Contact:  YTCi Course Director Dave Spenceley // Administration: Andreea Barbulis

TA Supervision and TA exam prep.

All of the TA trainers working in the YTCi programme offer TA supervision for TA trainees and practitioners as well as psychotherapists and counsellors from other fields.

Supervision and exam preparation for CTA / TEW and TSTA examinations can also be arranged - please contact them for further details:


Dave Spenceley: The task of supervision is to:

PROCTOR (Quoted in Hawkins and Shohut l989): Describes three roles:

Philosophy of Supervision: The basic TA philosophy provides an effective, tried and tested working philosophy on which to base a philosophy of supervision. The basic presuppositions are:

Principles of Supervision: The supervisors role is to facilitate autonomy, growth and protection for the supervisee and the client. There is also a wider responsibility to the wider community, the profession and the public. Based on the philosophy are the following principles of supervision:

Bands of Supervision:

These bands of supervision refer to the main areas covered within supervision. The bands are based on the advanced training for qualification of supervisors within TA, and the European Association of TA’s examination of supervisors.

Developmental models of supervision. The medieval developmental model is the most frequently referred to developmental model.

Six stages of development in the learning process: In this model the first three areas are seen as beginning stages, with the second three stages as being advanced. This model is based on an article by Bruce Loria 1983 TAJ, in which he quotes early educational works.



Process model of Supervision: Developed by Hawkins and Shohet, in their excellent book, Supervision in the helping Professions. .

A) There and then process and content. Issues in the actual therapy session.

B) Here and now process and content. The therapy process is reflected in the here and now supervision process.

C) The context  - the systemic process – what systems is the supervision taking place within? – What is the impact on the supervision of the systemic influences?

Parallel Process: Doeherman 1976 did research into this phenomenon and discovered: